Bible passage: Isaiah 26:19
Written: Between 701-681 BC
In Isaiah 26, the prophet writes a poetic song of praise, speaking of the cycle of punishment and restoration, good and evil, and ultimately faith and righteousness.
Towards the end of this song, Isaiah foreshadows a future bodily resurrection:
But your dead will live, Lord; their bodies will rise- let those who dwell in the dust wake up and shout for joy- your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead. (Isaiah 26:19, NIV)
This is similar to what Daniel the prophet wrote about resurrection in Daniel 12:1-3, about 2,500 years ago, about 200 years after the time of Isaiah.
Christians believe that Jesus will return in the future to judge the living and the dead and that the dead will be resurrected, meaning their bodies will be physically restored to life and rejoined with their souls. This is explained in various passages of the New Testament, including in John 5:19-30.