The son of Nun of the tribe of Ephraim. Moses' successor as the leader of Israel. Of the twelve spies, Joshua and Caleb were the only two men who gave an encouraging report, and were rewarded with permission to enter Israel with the new generation of Israelites. Joshua and his army crossed the Jordan and the battle began.
After taking Jericho, in which God destroyed the walls, there were three campaigns fought, one in the north, one in the central region, and one in the south. It took seven years of war to conquer the land, and drive out most of the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzits, Hivites and Jebusites. Thirty one kings and their cities were destroyed by Joshua and his army.
After the initial victories, the land was divided among the tribes of Israel. At an old age Joshua made a covenant with the people of Israel, at Shechem, committing them to a permanent and binding contract between themselves and God. Soon after, he died at the age of 110, and was buried on his own estate at Timnath-sereh, in Ephraim. Israel obeyed the Lord throughout the lifetime of Joshua.
The Bible's book of Joshua is named after him and, among other things, describes his life and times.
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